Production: Patterning


Production equipment primarily includes any type of equipment used to make nanoscale materials or materials with nanoscale features. The firms listed in this sector are engaged in manufacturing the production equipment. In some cases these firms also provide services, but their primary function is in equipment manufacturing.


Patterning or lithography equipment includes tools that can be used to create or pattern nanostructures on a substrate by etching, printing or writing. There are several types of lithography:

Lithography equipment is closely related to the semiconductor/integrated circuit industries, energy storage (solar), sensors and final products with built in electronic or tracking capabilities.