Value Chain

Place the cursor over any part of the value chain visual below to see a description and statistics on the number of establishments and employment in California. Click on the visual to open a new page with a more detailed overview including sub-sectors, forward and backward linkages, key global firms and organizations as well as links to profiles of stakeholders in the sector in California.

  • Value-adding activities represent the six main activities firms engage in to bring a product from concept through to creation starting with research and design through manufacturing and distribution and finally to marketing, sales and services.
    California Locations: 533
    Employment:
    95,207
    • Research includes both activities related to improving or creating a new physical product or process as well as market development and consumer research.
      California Locations: 197
      Employment:
      42,223
    • Design includes both aesthetic and engineering related product developments.
      California Locations: 89
      Employment:
      9,663
    • Locations classified as manufacturing have a production facility onsite and are primarily engaged in making a product that is sold to other companies in the value chain or to final consumers.
      California Locations: 196
      Employment:
      56,765
    • Locations listed as logistics and distribution are involved in physically transporting or storing (e.g., warehouses) products or sourcing materials.
      California Locations: 29
      Employment:
      879
    • Marketing and sales includes activities associated with marketing, branding, advertising or retailing products from any stage in the value chain.
      California Locations: 135
      Employment:
      26,130
    • Locations engaged in service-related activities include customer service locations of firms and companies that are primarily engaged in providing contract services to other companies.
      California Locations: 138
      Employment:
      16,296
  • Nanoscale materials are materials with one, two or three dimensions or features in the nanoscale (ranging from approximately from 1-100 nm).
    California Locations: 55
    Employment:
    3,113
    • Carbon-based nanoscale materials include graphene, CNTs, carbon nanofibers and nanoparticles and fullerenes.
      California Locations: 9
      Employment:
      1,471
      • No description available
        California Locations: 1
        Employment:
        1
      • No description available
        California Locations: 5
        Employment:
        95
      • No description available
        California Locations: -0-
        Employment:
        -0-
      • No description available
        California Locations: 2
        Employment:
        1,363
    • Nanomaterials classified as semi-metallic or semi-conducting are elements or compounds that possess properties of both metals and non-metals. The most common nano-objects include nanowires (two-dimensional) and quantum dots (three-dimensional).
      California Locations: 12
      Employment:
      875
      • No description available
        California Locations: 7
        Employment:
        753
      • No description available
        California Locations: 1
        Employment:
        100
      • No description available
        California Locations: 1
        Employment:
        8
      • No description available
        California Locations: 4
        Employment:
        114
    • Metallic nanomaterials are composed of metal chemical elements primarily from the transition and post-transition metal groups. Common metal nano-objects include nanoparticles (3-D) and nanowires (2-D).
      California Locations: 18
      Employment:
      367
    • Ceramic materials are inorganic minerals and compounds including metal oxides, sulfides, nitrides and other inorganic compounds.
      California Locations: 23
      Employment:
      248
    • Polymer and chemical structures include nanoporous materials, nano-layer thin films, nanofibers and nanowires, dendrimers, nanoparticles and nanocapsules.
      California Locations: 9
      Employment:
      406
  • Nanoscale intermediates either incorporate nanoscale materials or have nanostructured features.
    California Locations: 145
    Employment:
    26,676
    • This sector includes coatings that are made from nanoparticulate dispersions that can be applied with various techniques. It also includes inks, pigments, and polishing slurries used in semiconductor manufacturing.
      California Locations: 17
      Employment:
      662
      • Ink
        No description available
        California Locations: 3
        Employment:
        102
      • No description available
        California Locations: 2
        Employment:
        26
      • No description available
        California Locations: 12
        Employment:
        534
    • Composites are composed of two or more physically distinct components referred to as the resin or polymer matrix and a reinforcement or filler/additive. Catalysts are substances that increase the rate of a chemical reaction.
      California Locations: 16
      Employment:
      767
      • No description available
        California Locations: 6
        Employment:
        149
      • No description available
        California Locations: 10
        Employment:
        618
    • Sensors are able to detect physical, chemical, or biological parameters and convert the response into a signal that can generated into an output that can be analyzed by the user.
      California Locations: 33
      Employment:
      2,226
      • No description available
        California Locations: 7
        Employment:
        213
      • No description available
        California Locations: 9
        Employment:
        473
      • No description available
        California Locations: 6
        Employment:
        360
      • No description available
        California Locations: 8
        Employment:
        926
      • No description available
        California Locations: 5
        Employment:
        320
    • This sector includes batteries, fuel cells and solar cells.
      California Locations: 20
      Employment:
      726
      • No description available
        California Locations: 10
        Employment:
        417
      • No description available
        California Locations: 6
        Employment:
        126
      • No description available
        California Locations: 2
        Employment:
        30
    • Nanoscale materials can be active therapeutic agents as well as carriers of therapeutic, diagnostic or in vivo imaging agents.
      California Locations: 12
      Employment:
      4,100
      • No description available
        California Locations: 5
        Employment:
        1,009
      • No description available
        California Locations: 7
        Employment:
        3,091
      • No description available
        California Locations: 1
        Employment:
        1
    • This sector includes active electronic components or semiconductors such as integrated circuits (processors, memory, logic), radio frequency (RF) and optoelectronics (LEDs and lasers).
      California Locations: 49
      Employment:
      18,296
      • No description available
        California Locations: 10
        Employment:
        3,743
      • No description available
        California Locations: 3
        Employment:
        9,300
      • No description available
        California Locations: 11
        Employment:
        2,626
      • No description available
        California Locations: 6
        Employment:
        662
      • No description available
        California Locations: 13
        Employment:
        2,094
      • No description available
        California Locations: 9
        Employment:
        897
  • Nano-enabled products have intermediate components that incorporate nanoscale materials or have nanostructured features.
    California Locations: 101
    Employment:
    32,182
    • This sector includes consumer and industrial products that are worn as apparel, used in the home (e.g., furniture, luggage and appliances), and sporting equipment.
      California Locations: 9
      Employment:
      4,957
      • No description available
        California Locations: 4
        Employment:
        4,362
      • No description available
        California Locations: 2
        Employment:
        557
      • No description available
        California Locations: 3
        Employment:
        38
    • This sector includes final products and components used as construction materials and machinery and technology in which the primary buyers are companies or the government.
      California Locations: 23
      Employment:
      2,910
    • The transportation category includes automotive, aerospace and marine final products and components used in consumer, industrial and defense markets.
      California Locations: 8
      Employment:
      1,233
      • No description available
        California Locations: 1
        Employment:
        400
      • No description available
        California Locations: 1
        Employment:
        250
      • No description available
        California Locations: 3
        Employment:
        167
    • This sector includes computers, office equipment and related products (e.g., keyboards, printers), consumer electronics and subassemblies.
      California Locations: 16
      Employment:
      14,101
    • This sector includes small personal appliances, cosmeceuticals, nutraceuticals and agri-food products.
      California Locations: 18
      Employment:
      417
      • No description available
        California Locations: 4
        Employment:
        36
      • No description available
        California Locations: 13
        Employment:
        366
      • No description available
        California Locations: 1
        Employment:
        15
      • No description available
        California Locations: -0-
        Employment:
        -0-
      • No description available
        California Locations: -0-
        Employment:
        -0-
    • This sector includes drug products, implants, tissue engineering and bone substitutes, medical disposables and life science disposables.
      California Locations: 28
      Employment:
      8,725
  • This stage includes equipment used to analyze, development, produce or apply nanoscale and nanostructured materials.
    California Locations: 130
    Employment:
    13,720
    • Instruments and inspection tools that can be used to characterize, measure and/or create images of materials.
      California Locations: 80
      Employment:
      9,245
    • Computer modeling and simulation software to provide insight into and shorten development time of nanometer-scale structures.
      California Locations: 17
      Employment:
      3,260
    • Production equipment is used to make nanoscale materials or materials with nanoscale features. Patterning or lithography equipment includes tools that can be used to create or pattern nanostructures on a substrate by etching, printing or writing.
      California Locations: 13
      Employment:
      1,687
      • No description available
        California Locations: 2
        Employment:
        4
      • No description available
        California Locations: 5
        Employment:
        259
      • No description available
        California Locations: 4
        Employment:
        854
      • EUV
        No description available
        California Locations: 2
        Employment:
        1,355
      • No description available
        California Locations: 1
        Employment:
        15
    • Synthesis covers production and process equipment that involves the creation of a nano-object (material with one, two or three external dimensions in the nanoscale).
      California Locations: 29
      Employment:
      3,714
      • No description available
        California Locations: 5
        Employment:
        169
      • No description available
        California Locations: 1
        Employment:
        9
      • CVD
        No description available
        California Locations: 2
        Employment:
        950
      • No description available
        California Locations: 1
        Employment:
        800
      • ALD
        No description available
        California Locations: 2
        Employment:
        1,000
      • No description available
        California Locations: 1
        Employment:
        1
      • No description available
        California Locations: -0-
        Employment:
        -0-
      • PLD
        No description available
        California Locations: -0-
        Employment:
        -0-
      • No description available
        California Locations: 4
        Employment:
        93
      • No description available
        California Locations: -0-
        Employment:
        -0-
      • No description available
        California Locations: 1
        Employment:
        30
      • No description available
        California Locations: -0-
        Employment:
        -0-
  • Supporting organizations are external stakeholders that provide rules and resources to facilitate the movement of a product or service along the value chain.
    California Locations: 151
    Employment:
    27,528
    • Universities and educational institutions include public and private colleges, community colleges and other workforce development organizations that conduct research or provide educational opportunities related to nanotechnology.
      California Locations: 22
      Employment:
      379
    • This category primarily includes university and government labs and user facilities that provide controlled conditions in which scientific research, experiments and measurement may be performed.
      California Locations: 18
      Employment:
      3,276
    • This category includes entities that receive public and/or private funding to conduct technical or social research in areas related to nanotechnology.
      California Locations: 42
      Employment:
      21,788
    • This category includes industry, trade and professional associations and organizations that provide a medium for engagement and collaboration among stakeholders with a common interest.
      California Locations: 11
      Employment:
      191
    • This sector includes venture capital companies and other private and public investment groups that have some involvement with nano-related companies.
      California Locations: 27
      Employment:
      387
    • Service providers include law firms, consulting companies and other business and information providers that have at least a partial focus on nanotechnology business development.
      California Locations: 31
      Employment:
      1,507