Universities & Education


Universities and educational institutions include public and private colleges, community colleges and other workforce development organizations that conduct research or provide educational opportunities related to nanotechnology.


Colleges and universities play a critical role in educating the future workforce and in enabling the R&D and commercialization process of new technologies. Community colleges and universities administer several types of educational degree programs. Community colleges primarily grant two-year Associate degrees and universities grant four-year science and art degrees as well as advanced degrees at the Master and PhD levels. Furthermore, training and workforce development certification programs are often established by or in collaboration with higher education institutions.

Universities enable the commercialization process by making direct equity investments in start-up companies, granting licenses to their research, providing small companies access to expensive laboratory equipment in return for user fees or setting up incubators where small companies develop technological products and processes.

In California, there are three public systems of higher education: (1) the California Community College (CCC) system with over 100 campuses, (2) the California State University (CSU/CALSTATE) system with 23 campuses, and (3) the University of California (UC) system with 10 campuses. Additionally, there are several private institutions providing higher education and training opportunities.