Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Overview

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) focuses on advancing science and technology technology to improve national defense, reduce terrorist threats, and to be prepared to handle scientific national events (1). The Laboratory was established in 1952 to meet national security needs by advancing nuclear weapons science and technology (1a). LLNL is managed by Lawrence Livermore National Security (LLNS), a limited liability company (LLC) that assumed management in 2007. LLNL is a government-owned, contractor-operated (GOCO) facility managed through a contract between the LLNS Board of Governors and the Department of Energy's (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA). Under the GOCO model, the DOE determines the mission of the Lab and provides the primary source of funding and the LLNS management team provides the long-term research and operational environment. The LLNS management team includes Bechtel National, University of California, Babcock and Wilcox, Washington Division of URS Corporation, and Battelle. LLNL is one of three NNSA labs; the other two are Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories (1b).

Facilities and Research Initiatives

LLNL maintains several user facilities including the Center for Micro- and Nanotechnologies. The Lab produces nanomaterials such as carbon nanotubes, but these are only used for internal R&D and are not sold to outside entities (5). However LLNL has been engaged in several research projects that involve nanomaterials. In August 2009, LLNL developed a hybrid platform to build bioanoelectronic devices using these lipid-coated nanowires (3). Other nanomaterials have included nanoporous materials such as silica aerogels (7),

Strategic Partnerships

Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory partners primarily with organizations in academia and industry (1). These partnerships aid in the expansion of understanding and contributing to the national security effort (1). Additionally, they host undergraduate and graduate students, as well as faculty each summer in a training program (1). They also provide training for middle and high school faculty, focusing on real world context for teaching science (1).  In January 2009, LLNL signed an agreement to work with Chevron to develop new types of catalysts that will enable the production of clean, more efficient fuels from crude oil (4). In collaboration with Porifera, Lawrence Livermore has licensed its carbon nanotube technology to develop a cheaper way to remove salt from water (2). LLNL has also worked with other small-tech companies including Bioluminate (6).

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Sources

  1. Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (2012). Retrieved on July 8, 2012
    1. "History" (2010, October 8) from www.llnl.gov/about/history.html
    2. "Management and Sponsors" (2010, October 8) from www.llnl.gov/about/mgtsponsors.html
  2. AZoNano (2009, November 12). “Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory Exclusively Licensed Carbon Nanotube Technology to Porifera.” Retrieved on July 18, 2012 www.azonano.com/news.aspx?newsID=14642
  3. AZoNano (2009, August 10). “Lawrence Livermore Researchers use Lipid-Coated Nanowires to Build Bionanoelectronic Devices.” Retrieved on July 18, 2012 www.azonano.com/news.aspx?newsID=13066
  4. AZoNano (2009, January 13). “Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and Chevron Sign Fuel Research Agreement.” Retrieved on July 18, 2012 www.azonano.com/news.aspx?newsID=9407
  5. LLNL (2010, March 25). "Response to the DTSC Chemical Information Call-in: Carbon Nanotubes." Retrieved on November 10, 2012 from www.dtsc.ca.gov/TechnologyDevelopment/Nanotechnology/upload/LLNL_CNT_Res...
  6. AZoNano (2012). "Bioluminate." Retrieved on November 10, 2012 from www.azonano.com/suppliers.aspx?SupplierID=635
  7. AZoNano (2004, April 2) "Pore Laden Nanomaterial Is 98% Empty - New Technology." Retrieved on November 10, 2012 from www.azonano.com/article.aspx?ArticleID=737