Competitiveness Indicators are a means to measure or benchmark a geographic location's (or firm's) footprint in the innovation to commercialization cycle. Indicators are available for both inputs to competitiveness (the presence, strength and funding available to support development) and outputs (means to measure or benchmark). Typically economic indicators are used, such as market share, revenue, or trade, but these are not readily available for nanotechnology-specific areas. Therefore, the output indicators for nanotechnology development are primarily non-economic and focus on means to gauge spillover potential in areas such as knowledge generation and human capital. Alternatives available for nanotechnology are listed in the table below and are measurable on an absolute or a per capita basis.
Several benchmarking strategies using different combinations of the competitiveness indicators below currently exist for nanotechnology economic development. See the Benchmarking Strategies page for an overview of these strategies and California ranking in each of the strategies that ranks by geography at the state-level.
|Economic Inputs: Public and Private Funding: Support for Nanotechnology Activities
Private: Corporations or Venture Capital
Public/Private: Joint Initiatives
|Non-Economic Outputs: Publications, Patents, People, & Participants as proxies to measure knowledge generation, innovation, human capital, and participation.
Publications: Knowledge Generation
People: Human Capital